Eastern White Pine are the kings of the Eastern forests and the tallest evergreen tree in North America. White Pine reach heights of up to 200 feet tall with a spread of up to 40 feet during a life span of easily 200 years. It's long blue-green needles average 2 to 5 inches in length, and lower branches often fall away as it reaches maturity, leaving a tall bare trunk with a "crown" of branches at the top. It is also known as Northern White Pine or just White Pine.
White Pine prefer full sun and well drained soils, and so planting in light to dark sandy soils in open spaces is ideal. Their height, branching nature and seed type make them an ideal squirrel, chipmunk and bird shelter and food source. Birds of prey often nest in White Pine due to the high vantage point and the animals attracted by it's seed.
SA long-needled fast growing pine, Red Pine reach heights of up to 150 feet, with a bare trunk reaching over halfway up the tree as it reaches maturity. Their needles are up to 6 inches long, making for a very tall tree with a "crown" of branches and needles at the top. They are very popular as Christmas trees.
Often found growing in sandy soils and rocky terrain, Red Pine adapt well to very poor soil and can live as long as 400 years. It does not tolerate shade, but does tolerate high winds and drier soils.
Red Pine are often planted for forest and wildlife habitat, and are common in most Northern States
Austrian Pine feature very long, dark green needles and can reach a height of up to 60 feet, with a spread of up to 40 feet at the base. It is hardy, fast growing and amazingly adaptive, tolerant of wind, cold, road salt, air pollution and dry conditions. Austrian Pine also do well in partial shade or full sun. These characteristics make them a very popular evergreen tree.
Austrian Pine are used in landscaping, along roads, for Christmas trees, wind breaks, privacy screens and wildlife habitat.
The Scotch Pine is a tree native to Europe and Asia.
It grows as far North as the Arctic Circle and as far south as the midwest. Grows 75-100 feet tall with a lifespan of 150-300 years.
It is important in the forestry because of the strength of the wood.
It is widely used as a Christmas tree and for windbreaks and timber.
It likes well-drained soil and has a medium growth rate. Acts as a cover for many birds and small animals and is not preferred by deer.